Compost is usually a fresh black material that is similar to potting soil in terms of texture and appearance. It is produced when organic waste breaks down and decays. The process makes it rich in plants nutrients, and hence a good type of fertilizer. The compost can be tilted into the soil before shrubs, trees and other plants are planted. Moreover, it can be applied on the soil around existing plants to help them grow faster and stronger. Starting to compost your organic waste is quite interesting. It is more sustainable and the perfect solution for handling your wastes. You can involve all member of your family including children and make sure they learn about taking care of the environment
Types of composting
People interested in composting should first decide on the kind of composting they want to do. There are two broad categories of composing, anaerobic and aerobic.
1) Anaerobic composting: It requires little efforts and it mainly utilizes compost piles. It has several downsides even though it appears easy. For instance, the organic waste takes a relatively longer amount of time to break down fully and compost. It is also smelly due to production of sulfate and methane gasses.
2) Aerobic composting: It is entirely different process from the anaerobic composting. It requires oxygen and the decaying materials must be aerated regularly. A compost pile is usually turned and mixed regularly to encourage production of the aerobic bacteria. Homeowners can use a compost tumbler to make the process less labor intensive. The compost tumbler bins have a design that enhances rotation for the microbes to get enough oxygen. Anaerobic composting is very quick and efficient. For instance, the compost tumbler can produce finished compost within six weeks under the right moisture conditions and temperature. Moreover, it is virtually odorless process because the aerobic bacteria don’t produce smelly gases.
Home composting ideas
Home composting is still a great idea, no matter the kind of composting you decide. There are various home composting ideas that you can use to make your garden and plants great. Below are some of ideas that will help you turn the kitchen and yard waste into something valuable.
1) Simple wire compost bin: It is among the most popular and ideal way of composting all your organic waste. All kinds of wastes including the lawn clipping from the land owner, freshly raked leaves, organic kitchen waste and garden weed can be decomposed using the simple wire compost bin. The bins are simple to make and they don’t require much in terms of materials and tools.
2) Vermi composting: This type may sound funny, but it is very popular and the most effective method of composting. It is very simple and the decomposition of organic matter is fastened by use of worms. The worms make it more effective because they increase the production of compost and make the end product richer.
3) Sheet composing: It is a great option for people with space constraints. The idea behind this type of composting is that, you can build a layered compost pile in areas that you intend to plant. The pile results to rich and fertile soil which is good for growing vegetables and flowers.
4) Plastic storage bin: It is a good composting idea for people living in a condo complex or in an apartment. These compost bins are available for purchase at many hardware and big-box home stores. They are good for composting organic kitchen waste that includes orange peels and coffee grounds.
Benefits of home composting
1) You may end up lowering your water bill: You will use less water to water your plants if you spread compost mulch on your lawn or add it around your plants. The compost retains a lot of water that helps in making your plants healthy.
2) It will reduce carbon footprint: You will have less waste and hence lower production of methane gas.
3) The process is simple: It is inexpensive and the ingredients needed to prepare it are readily available. It doesn’t require special tools, and you can use blender to prepare food scraps for your compost pile.
4) It reduces the usage of commercial fertilizers: The compost is a natural fertilizer and it is packed fully with all the essential plant nutrients.
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